// Annotated Citations//
1) Racine, Elizabeth F., Rita D. DeBate, Kelley P. Gabriel, and Robin R. High. “The Relationship Between Media Use and Psychological and Physical Assets Among Third- to Fifth-Grade Girls.” Journal of School Health 81.12 (2011): 749-55. Print.
This is a journal article that discusses an analytical sample of the affects of watching the media among third-to-fifth-grade girls. It discusses how the media affects both the psychocological and physical assets among these girls, revealing that media use is inversely related to self-esteem and commitment to physical activity. I plan to use this article in order to discuss the negative affects that media has on children and then tie this in with the idea that plastic surgery could be a place where these insecure girls may turn to.
2) Marcus, Mary B. “What Children Will Do to Look ‘normal’” USA Today 25 June 2009: 01a. Print.
This is a newspaper article that discusses the facts and statistics of the incline in cosmetic surgery among children 18 and under in age. The article mentions how children used to only get reconstructive but that now children are going under the knife in order to feel “normal.” These surgeries include everything from lipo to breast augmentation to “Asian eye” surgery to widen the eye. The article discusses the benefits and the down-sides of plastic surgery. Some people, including patients, mothers and pediatric surgeons believe the surgery to help the child overall with issues in self-esteem. Other research in the article questions how much surgery actually addresses the issue at hand: the child’s insecurity in their appearance. The article includes patient and guardian testimony, statistics, as well as the opinions of experts in the field. I plan to use this article to mention the incline in cosmetic surgery among children and to discuss the downfalls of children getting surgery at such a young age. I also plan to use the article to argue the opposing side.
3) Wegenstein, Bernadette, and Nora Ruck. “Physiognomy, Reality Television and the Cosmetic Gaze.” Body & Society 17.4 (2011): 27-54. Print.
This article discusses the idea of people using a “cosmetic gaze” in the present as a mode of looking at bodies. The gaze is informed by expectations, techniques, and the strategies of bodily modification. It is a way of looking at bodies as awaiting improvement, like when we watch television and commercials to see new styles and fashions. It analyzes how different visual media have informed and shaped the gaze in specific ways. I plan to use this article to talk specifically about how the media is transforming people of the present and their views about body image in my paper.
4) Markey, Charlotte, and Patrick Markey. “Correlates of Young Women’s Interest in Obtaining Cosmetic Surgery.” Sex Roles 61.3/4 (2009): 158-66. Print.
This article talks about a study that was used to examine predictors of teenage girls’ interest in obtaining cosmetic surgery. It is filled with many facts and statistics that I plan to use in my research paper. It also includes charts and graphs that I plan to potentially include in my paper.The participants’ weight information, body dissatisfaction, analyzation of media messages, reports of teasing due to appearance, and interest in getting plastic surgery were assessed. The results indicated that all of the above predictors correlated with women and their interest in getting plastic surgery. I plan to use this article to correlate the media with the influence of people getting plastic surgery.
5)George, Leanne. “Presto Chango.” Maclean’s 117.17 (2004): 40. Print.
This article talks about the media, including extreme-makeover shows, and their idea to normalize plastic surgery. It discusses how the makeover has embedded itself in TV shows that portray different hairstyles, fashions, etc. to become a part of the present-day fashion and style but that the body has become a whole new frontier in such shows. I plan to use this article in order to point out how increasingly normal it has become for people, including children, to want to get plastic surgery due to the media and its portrayal of getting plastic surgery being the new “it.”